Language in Communication
A general introduction to linguistics and the study of language, intended particularly for beginning student and readers with no previous knowledge or training in the subject. There is first a general account of the nature of language and of the aims, methods and basic principles of linguistics theory.
Sir John Lyons is a fellow of British academy and an honorary member of linguistics society of America. He then introduces in turn each the main sub fields of linguistics, the sounds of language, grammar, semantics, language change, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, language and culture. One of his many publications is Language and Linguistics, an Introduction (1995)
Throughout the book, he emphasizes particularly those aspects of the discipline that seem fundamental and most likely to remain important. He stresses throughout the culture at least as much as biological context of human language to communicate each others, and show how the linguists concern connects productively with those of the traditional humanities the social science.
Step of communication:
Phonology → Morphology → Syntax → Semantics
There is communication if there is meaning (semantics)
According to John Lyon
1. A signal called communicative if the sender wants the receiver aware of what he/she receives.
2. A signal called informative if the sender doesn’t need the receiver aware of what he/she receives.
sumber : Bunda Kindi