Menerangkan proses-proses yang terjadi dalam pembentukan atau kegiatan yang terkait dengan fenomena dunia ilmiah, sosial-budaya, atau yang bertujuan menjelaskan.

b. Struktur Teks (Text Structure)

1 Penjelasan umum

2 Penjelasan proses

3 Penutup

c. Ciri kebahasaan menggunakan:

1 General dan abstrac nouns , misalnya word chopping, earthquakes;

2 Actions verbs;

3 Simple present tense;

4 Passive voice;

5 Conjunctions of time dan cause;

6 Nouns phrase, misalnya the large cloud;

7 Abstract nouns, misalnya the temperature;.

8 Adverbial phrases;

9 Complex sentences;

10 Bahasa teknis ;

11 Kalimat pasif (passive voice)

Contoh dan Struktur Teks Explaination

Making Paper from Woodchips

Woodchipping is a process used to obtain pulp and paper products form forest tree.

The woodchipping process begins when the trees are cut down in a selected area of the forest called a coupe.

Next the tops and and branches of the trees are cut out and then the logs are taken to the mill.

At the mill, the bark of the logs is removed and the logs are taken to a chipper wich cuts them into pieces called woodchips.

The woodchips are then screened to remove dirt and other impurities.at this stage they are either exported in this form or damaged into pulp by chemical and heat

The pulp then bleached and the water content is removed

Finally, the pulp is rolled out to make paper. (sources: http://elc-englishlanguagecorner.blogspot.com)